People use the words ‘counselling’ and ‘psychotherapy’ in different ways, so there is no commonly agreed definition. Both counsellors and psychotherapists provide a service offering support and treatment for a wide range of mental health and emotional issues. Talking therapy can help with issues such as, relationships, depression, anxiety, stress, anger, phobias and bereavement.  

Prolonged stress has been shown to be detrimental to the human psyche, it can lead to illness and physical and emotional exhaustion, psychotherapy can help to alleviate some of the symptoms, which if left unchecked can lead to poor emotional health.

Breaking down how you are thinking, feeling and behaving starts to give an insight into understanding what can upset you. Your triggers are unique, investigating how they impact you enables you to learn to recognise them and find appropriate ways of coping.

Psychotherapy involves exploring feelings, beliefs, thoughts and relevant events, sometimes from childhood and personal history.  You will be encouraged to talk and explore your feelings and experiences in a structured way with a trained counsellor/psychotherapist.  The therapeutic relationship is key to a collaborative relationship, facilitating space and growth.


 Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) deals with the here and now - how your current thoughts and behaviours affect you now, the premise is: 
"The way you think affects how you feel and behave".

CBT recognises that some events in your past may have shaped the way you currently think and behave. Such as thought patterns and behaviours which may be learned in childhood. However, CBT does not dwell on the past, it aims to find solutions on how to change your current thoughts and behaviours so that you can function better now and in the future.

CBT therapists will offer support and empathy, but the therapy has a structure, is problem-focused and practical.

Clinical trials have shown that CBT can reduce the symptoms of many emotional issues. For some people it can work just as well as medicine for treating depression and anxiety disorders. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommend CBT for common mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety.

Education is important, and the therapist works with the client to identify negative thoughts and the effect this has on their behaviour. Gaining an understanding of how the mind works and the impact it has on the individual, can be empowering.


This can be seen through the mind and body connection, your body responds to the way you think, feel and act. When you are stressed, anxious or upset, your body tries to tell you that something isn’t right. For example, high blood pressure or a stomach ulcer might develop after a particularly stressful event, such as the death of a loved one.

Poor emotional health can weaken your body's immune system, making you more likely to get colds and other infections during emotionally difficult times. Also, when you are feeling stressed, anxious or upset, you may not take care of your health as well as you should. You may not feel like exercising, eating nutritious foods or taking medicine that your doctor prescribes. Abuse of alcohol, tobacco or other drugs may also be a sign of poor emotional health.
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